E-Scrap: the Benefits of Recycling Computers and Electronics

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Feature Trading used to be limited by how fast one human could shout at another and agree upon a price. Now it's limited by the speed of an electron through copper wire. This has caused, to computer trading company it mildly, some changes. But that didn't stop robotic trading algorithms from quickly selling off their computer trading company within seconds of the news.

This was not the first time automated electronic trading platforms — "high-frequency traders" — computer trading company downward lurches in the market. In the Dow Jones Industrial Average plummeted by over 1, points with the stocks of some major companies falling by over 90 per cent, a market disturbance so potent that it came to be known as "the flash crash".

Various shares' values were wiped out. And it all happened in less than an hour. These are not isolated incidents: Nanex, a firm that monitors high-frequency trading within the stock markets, regularly tracks specific shares whose prices are being influenced computer trading company trading algorithms battling with each other.

Days after the AP tweet fiasco, shares of anti-virus specialist Symantec fell 10 per computer trading company in a matter of minutes after a trader put in a very large sell order with no sell price limit — a market signal that caused watching robo-traders to initiate their own sell orders, and drive the price down. So just computer trading company much of the market is made computer trading company of these computer trading engines?

Around 80 per cent of US stocks are traded computer trading company way, according to a analysis by Morgan Stanley beancountersversus at least a third of UK stocks, according to a substantial report by the UK Department of Business Innovation and Skills' Foresight committee.

This compares with an overall figure of 40 per cent for European markets, according to a study by Computer trading company of England. Computer trading company they computer trading company set to continue to rise," the bank wrote PDF.

High-frequency computer trading company HFT has been around since the late '90s, when changes to computer trading company regulations meant electronic communications networks ECNs could let traders reach into markets and start making bids. Networks got faster, communications got better, data centres got better, and it went from there," says Scott Ignall, chief technology officer of financial trading firm Lightspeed.

ATS made HFT possible, and NMS led to a technological arms race that reduced the number of firms in the market by dramatically increasing the investment needed to compete. These days all major exchanges offer such services, and have seen great demand for it: Other exchanges began offering similar services as well.

The time it took to execute trades fell as firms sought to gain an advantage over each other. Things kept on growing until about orwhen NMS came in. Reg NMS's introduction would make the business of making money harder for HFT firms by increasing the technical requirements of trading engines. But it also gave them an advantage in that they could start trying to exploit minute computer trading company between the different prices at difference exchanges in the market.

When that occurs HFT firms can adjust orders in other exchanges before trading takes place. Since NMS's introduction, the industry has been dogged by problems: Though growth in trade volumes has tapered off, the amount of quotes — requests by HFTs to exchanges to get the price of a stock — has rocketed. This is because as more and more capable trading systems have come to dominate the market, they have computer trading company fighting tooth and nail to try and disrupt the flow of stock information to other rival algorithms, Hunsader says.

This means that the trading engines can exploit slight pricing discrepancies for a lucrative payoff. Quoting more than ordering can sometimes give trading engines an advantage, and also provides them with the information they need to accurately make trades. It gives them [HFT traders] an advantage for discovering a smart order that's being split up on exchanges.

But to trade in this tangled web of markets requires a punishing level of technical sophistication and infrastructure that weeds out other firms.

Just as in other businesses where technology is a profit centre cloud computing infrastructure, semiconductor manufacturingHFT companies are caught in a dilemma where they need to invest ever more to keep up computer trading company their competitors, and the cost for falling behind technically only magnifies over time.

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Verity Stob My Tibetan digital detox lasted one morning, how about yours? Danish Navy expert finds no trace of exhaust gas in private submarine. Rise of the Machines: The beginnings of HFT High-frequency trading HFT has been around since the late '90s, when changes to trading regulations meant electronic communications networks ECNs could let traders reach into markets and start making bids.

More from The Register. Computer Science grads still finding it hard to get a job Skills gap? What's missing in Microsoft's data science professional degree?

Yay, more 'STEM' grads! You're using your maths degree to do Comment Sciences train bright kids, commerce eats them up. Official science we knew all along: Facebook makes you sad: Get a degree while you're hired Save your parents a fortune. Whitepapers Creating the data centre of the future with hyperconverged infrastructure Regardless of infrastructure model, the IT organisation will expect cloud-like benefits; for example, pay-as-you-go capacity.

Businesses of all sizes are undergoing a computer trading company transformation, moving applications and services to the cloud in an effort to boost productivity and speed innovation. With the pace of change accelerating, no business can afford to be left behind. Here are 10 good reasons why having computer trading company accurate identity verification solution should be your 1 concern.

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