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Mrs Chandler 78while speaking at a meeting of the Women's Prayer Union at the Sydney Central Methodist Mission, became ill and died after a few minutes. It is stated that there is probability of an early start roughleaf trading options made with the construction by the Commonwealth Government of the Kalgoorlie-Port Augusta railway.

Plans for miles of the work have been prepared. Southland farmers complain of the destruction of their turnips by insects —fly or grub. An Edendale farmer sowed twice and they were taken the second time —a grand braird. They were eaten when in the rough leaf —an unusual thing. If need be, the farmers are prepared to be represented in the Arbitration Court in support of the rate stated.

Newspapers from Canton, Ohio, report a romantic wedding of a poor Norwegian cook to a local millionaire. Mr Edward Roughleaf trading options engaged Miss Jensen as cook, and was so delighted with the first meal she prepared that he proposed to her on the spot. The new cook was considerably astonished, but accepted him with equal promptitude.

The license was obtained and the ceremony performed one hour after the meal had been placed on his table. The first hill tramline in Christchurch was opened on Saturday. The line ascends the Cashmere hills to a point beyond the present limits of settlement, and its operation is likely to give a roughleaf trading options impetus io the building of.

Tbe view from the Cashmere Hill across the plains to the Southern Alps, with the ocean stretching on the east is very fine indeed. The records of a series of years show that the roughleaf trading options temperatures are less severe on the liills than on: Since the Queensland Parliament was prorogued says the Brisbane Courier there seems to have been a change of opinion in regard to the Licensing Bill, and the belief is general that some understanding will be arrived at before the short session is called, as a result of which the Bill may be accepted by the Legislative Council.

It is said that the Government will not give way on the question of a simple majority to carry local option, but it is believed that it will not be averse to stating a minimum vote to carry the poll, provided it is not made too high. One of the most important matters on which there was a difference of opinion was in regard to the time to be allowed after a poll for- the closing of hotels.

The Government wanted 12 months; the Legislative Council at first asked for five years, and afterwards four years was proposed. It is now certain roughleaf trading options the Government would be prepared to accept two roughleaf trading options and a half —or an extension of 18"mouths. This would close the hotels before a second poll was taken. It is believed that there is a possibility of this provision being acceptable.

A meeting of the Hawera Lodge, U. Intending students should write or call on the Director at the School. Shore will conduct the services at the Presbyterian Church tomorrow -morning and evening. The principality of Ruess, in Gei-many-with a population of 73, is the first State to levy a tax on all unmarried persons. The tax is levied on both maidens and bachelors over We direct attention to an advertisement announcing the opening entertainmet at the Manutahi Coronation Hall.

It will be seen that great preparations have been made for a good evening's outing, and there should be a large attendance. A most serious complaint and one that is said to be on the increase amongst the roughleaf trading options herds of the Dominion is mammitis. Skinner of New Plymouth, advertises a remedy, Mammitein, which he claims will cure the disease.

He has received numerous testimonials from all parts of New Zealand. Supplies may be obtained from storekeepers and chemists. It is reported says the Stratford correspondent of the Taranaki Herald that both Eltham and Mangatoki dairy factories will be making cheesa instead of butter next season. If the tendency spreads we may be all reduced to eating whey-butter in a year or two.

Boys will conduct both services at Wesley G'hurch. Roughleaf trading options directors decided to circulate shareholders explaining the position. Shrimpton, telegraph engineer for the district, paid roughleaf trading options visit of inspection to Hawera on Friday. A member of roughleaf trading options staff is at preseait in Hawera and purposes roughleaf trading options up plans for the proposed installation of the metallic roughleaf trading options at the local telephone exchange.

In connection with the new system the cables in the principal streets will be laid underground, and in roughleaf trading options parts they will be placed overhead. At the last meeting of the Hawera County Council a committee was appointed to deal with the tenders tor the erection of new offices. The committee has accepted the tender of Mr E. Pacey, and the contract has been signed. The new buildings, which will be erected in Princes street, will provide a clerk's office 18ft x 16ft.

The offices, which will be in brick, are to be completed in ten weeks' time and the work will be proceeded with roughleaf trading options. A soft job was recently advertised in the columns of the Philadelphia Record. The lady complained that her husband bought all her clothes for her, and bought them too large. The West Australian Trade Vigilance Committee, which represents all unions connected with the building trade in the metropolitan area, as considering the question of introducing a week's work of 44 hours in place of 48 fixed by the Arbitration Court.

One union has suggested that 44 hours be made operative and if this 'course is adopted serious trouble may be expected.

At Los Angeles, California, a motorcycle, a- man, a horse, an automobile, and an aeroplane contested a handicap dash or lOOj'ds. The motor-cycle won easily, the man was second, the horse third, and the automobile fourth.

A keeper, who was attracted by trumpetings and loud roarings from the elephant cage in a menagerie at Woodbridge, found one of the elephants in an agony of toothache. He was unable to relieve it, and later heard a thud on the floor. It was found that the elephant had cast a tooth weighing, it is stated, about 71b. Auriferous quartz reefs are discovered in curious ways, often by the uprooting of trees during storms.

In Colorado a very rich reef was the outcome of a rat chase. In Ballarat, a few years ago, a. A similar discovery is now reported from Gprdon, near Ballarat, in the State of Victoria. It appears that F. Nickols, while crofting the Extended -Hill paddock, stumbled upon a small round hole in the ground. Closer investigation disclosed a reef 2ft. A shaft was sunk 10ft, and a reef was cut, showing gold in the' stone, dish prospects showing nice roughleaf trading options.

The reef has already been tested on the surface, and roughleaf trading options to be gold-bearing for a length of over ft. Messrs Murphy and Nicholls at once applied for a lease roughleaf trading options 80 acres. All Technical classes throughout this district commence the week beginning March 4. Roughleaf trading options will be supplied on applicatin to the Roughleaf trading options, Hawera Roughleaf trading options School.

Splitting' headache; no interest, no meal, and roughleaf trading options coming home. Take Steams 7 Headache Cure. Immediate relief, brain clear, everything pleasant. Papers Past now contains more than just newspapers. Use these links to navigate to other kinds of materials. These links will always show you how deep you are in the collection. Click them to get a broader view of the items you're currently viewing. Enter names, places, or other keywords that you're curious about here.

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Image Text Research info. This article displays in one automatically-generated column. View the full page to see article in its original form. A drag will leave Manaia for the circus on Wednesday next, at 6 o'clock sharp.

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Right away I knew that I was taking part in something special. It was , and while I travel to coffee regions frequently, this was my first visit to Uganda. I wanted to learn about the daily lives of these women, many of whom struggle to cultivate coffee to sell to buyers like Equal Exchange, and grow their beloved matoke banana for consumption in the home, on a small piece of land.

They also wanted to hear about my life in the United States, and about my son, Magnus. For me, this was the beginning of a journey that would teach me about the lives of some of these women in intimate detail: Among the small farmer groups working with PDS are the Adivasis tribal people , an ashram, and a convent.

Here we are learning about the tea grown by nuns at the convent, and their very impressive organic composting practices. At the ashram where in addition to their spiritual practices, they grow tea, fabricate organic compost, and raise cows to generate income and provide the local community with dairy products.

Indian politics, the tea industry, and the highs and lows of fair trade were among the topics we covered. PDS is a non-governmental organization run by a very progressive wing of the Catholic Church. We hope that the start to brings with it new energy and positive growth, both personally and professionally, to everyone in our Bananacado network.

This first edition of the newsletter is filled to the brim with tools to jump start the authentic fairtrade conversation: Marvel at the Impact Infographic , or watch a new animated short about banana history , or plan to attend the Banana Conference in Boston in March. But pass on what you learn to colleagues, friends, and customers. Read Part I here. Tea Promoters of India is a unique family-owned tea operation that has a foundational commitment to authentic fair trade and to small tea producers.

The factory was designed to process low quality CTC cut,tear. The project was not implemented in a lean manner. The end result was an expensive, massive facility set up with the operational driver of processing large quantities of low quality CTC processed tea. The result was a failure on many levels. The volumes of tea were never really there to get the factory near break-even. The northern buyers did not find the PDS operation easy to work with.

The financial losses mounted. On the farmer level, some small farmers were given the signal to sell their leaf to the factory. Unable to sell their leaf, farmers stopped tending to their tea bushes; reducing production and quality and starting a cycle of divestment. By early , the factory and operation were near critical failure. But this small farmer tea supply chain did not fold. Through negotiations and moral suasion, PDS was able to bring TPI in as a full partner to manage the factory and rebuild the supply chain.

TPI, based in northern India, is a long time partner for Equal Exchange in the work of building a small farmer tea supply chain. TPI changed the strategy, the factory, the quality systems and, ultimately, the culture of the PDS project: A key change was to bring in Mr. Dominic has generally worked half time in the north and half time in the south and because he speaks Hindi north India and Malayalam Kerala , and because of his skills and experience, he has been able to transfer the TPI system to South India.

On the operational level, the factory has been completely re-done. Orthodox machines, rare in the Kerala tea industry, were brought in and installed. Because Orthodox machines and processing are new, this was an operational change, a cultural change, and a strategy change all rolled into one. TPI understood that the small farmers could not compete in CTC and that the machinery and the culture of Keralian tea had to be challenged if there was going to be any space for a social based tea in what is a very competitive market.

So the strategy of TPI and PDS in this new period has been to move to more investment, higher costs, and more processing steps, in search of a higher quality and a higher market price.

It is a gamble: As a result, this massive factory that was working at a fraction of its CTC capacity has been partially brought down to size by moving to a lower scale more customized orthodox processing. But still the factory had to bring in much more leaf to get it running in a reasonable fashion even as a lower volume orthodox factory. During much of the same time period that Equal Exchange has been telling store accounts about real small farmer fair trade tea, and serving tea, and promoting tea, Dominic and his team have been knocking on doors and going back to small farmers looking for leaf and preaching the new quality path.

The leaf a farmer plucks on their family plot at PDS is not the same leaf as what a small farmer plucks in Darjeeling at Mineral Springs or Potong. The Darjeeling culture is to only pluck the top two leaves and a bud from the new shoots of the bush. This is part of the basis for the high quality and strong characteristics of the Darjeeling cup.

In PDS, and Kerala in general, the culture is to pick much more including the bigger leaves and rougher leaves which add weight but greatly reduce quality. This in turn leads to spending a great deal of factory time taking out the leaves that really should never have been plucked in the first place. The new TPI formula is to pay well above market price but to teach the farmers to pick less and to pick better.

One example of this is the Kurisumala Ashram which is a meaningful leaf provider and part of the overall project. The Ashram is a community of Christian spiritual seekers who live a simple agrarian life in near silence.

The Ashram runs a head dairy operation, manufactures milk, bakes bread for consumption, grows food for consumption, and now grows tea for the project. But the backbone of the project is small farmers who grow tea in diverse small plots along with many other crops including pepper, papaya, cardamom, vegetables, and often animals, such as cows or goats.

TPI is actively reaching out to these approximately farmers asking them to supply tea leaf and educating them about the need for less rough leaf and the importance of picking just the young, fresh leaves. The factory has increased prices for higher quality leaf above the already above market price they pay to push these farmers towards quality.

Another related change to make the new tea system work is to incentivize these farmers to pick their bushes more often. The more the bush is picked, the more dense, productive and tender it will be, which further supports the higher quality direction. All of these modifications are slowly making positive change. The crop is being more actively managed.

Quality has begun to improve. More farmers are getting to sell their leaf to the project. The project cannot remove the debts of the past but is now operating successfully and sustainably. A corner has been turned and the South Indian small farmer tea gains of the last ten years have been saved. It has been a tremendous commitment to put the Small Farmers Tea Project back on the path of sustainability. It has taken great commitment for Equal Exchange in the US and the UK and our allies to build a small farmer option in the marketplace.

There will be socially responsible tea programs such as Rainforest Alliance or similar programs such as mainstream little-impact fair trade. These programs will be on almost all tea products supported by large plantations and large retailers. But there will also be an authentic fair trade tea supply chain.

These tea products support small farmers, democracy, fair trade organizations, and stores who want real options for their customers. We still have a long way to go to reform the tea trade. The task is quite challenging. But it can be done. The pieces are now in place. We have been visiting tea farmers and cashew farmers in South India. This post focuses on what we have seen on the tea part of the trip and how it relates to the overall story of small farmers in tea: Equal Exchange worked in tea in and We had a great tea, which consumers were buying and which was turning a profit.

Nevertheless, we chose to end the program; concluding that there was no path to develop a real small farmer supply chain.

Ten years later, as a larger organization with more resources, we re-started the work of trying to reform the tea market to the benefit of small farmers. This process has often been slow and Sisyphean-like. At times, we and our partners have lost energy or faith that we could create a seat at the trade table for small tea farmers. But the truth is that the coffee struggle was not easy either.

It took a solid ten years of hard work in coffee before we were able to see the beginning of what would eventually become a successful, powerful reform of the coffee market. Here in Kerala, in South India, we can see some small but important steps taking place in the struggle to secure a seat at the table for small tea farmers. These steps, in tandem with some positive developments in the US, are creating a mutually positive cycle in the important work of creating a small farmer tea supply chain that works for farmers and US and UK consumers.

A key problem for small farmers in tea is that the fair trade certification system deserted them twenty years ago. Fair trade coffee; even the multinational version; has meant at least some small farmer benefits.

This is because the robust supply chain of small farmer co-op primarily Latin American to Alternative Trade Organizations ATO that was painstakingly built over many years was simply handed to the certifiers for the benefit, not of the farmers, but rather, the importers and supermarkets.

Unlike the hard work that was done by farmers and ATOs in the coffee supply chain, no one had done the work of finding, organizing, financing, and buying from small tea farmers. To this day, if you see a fair trade seal on a tea product you can be confident it does not come from small farmers who participate, have democratic rights, and are on any path to real empowerment, ie. The certifiers have proven to be inept at reforming commodity trade beyond coffee. They have not succeeded in creating impact and reform beyond the coffee model which they merely inherited.

They have, however, been successful in building northern bureaucracies and fiefdoms. In , Equal Exchange decided that our small farmer tea program had to be changed. This was a hard decision to make as it took money and control from the very partners we are set up to support. But we concluded that without this move we had almost no chance to increase volume or to even be a decent trade partner. So in the context of a challenged supply chain that only somewhat worked for farmers, ourselves, and our trade partners, such as Tea Promoters of India TPI , we took value-added away from the global south, and brought it back to the U.

After and , we were unable to prove that these changes were succeeding in strengthening the supply chain. We believed that by having more industry standard packaging and greater control and flexibility, our sales would increase, thereby benefiting our tea trading partners.

Our sales did increase in this period but not as much as we expected. With great perseverance, we have seen our sales and thus also our purchases grow; which means we are more able to have the necessary volume to support systems in-country to allow small farmers to enter the tea trade in a direct and more equitable manner.